Information Process | Defining | Locating | Selecting | Organising | Presenting | Evaluating


During this stage, you should ask yourself:
  • What exactly do I have to do?
  • What do I already know?
  • What do I have to find out?
  • Can I choose the presentation format? If so, what is the best way to present the information?
  • Who will be the audience for this task?
  • How am I going to be marked for this task?

Strategies for Defining


  • Underline the instructional keywords in the assignment / task (these words tell you what to do with the information you find).
    • Instructional words and what they mean
  • Underline the information keywords in the assignment / task (these relate to the content of your assignment)
  • Use a dictionary to define any words you're not sure of.
  • Brainstorm everything you already know about the topic.
  • Find out the criteria you're going to be assessed on.
  • Explore the general topic to get an idea of its scope and what's involved.
  • Create focus questions (so you don't get sidetracked).
  • Decide on the type of information you need.
    • Do you need to use any primary sources of information?
    • Will secondary sources suit this assignment / task?